This well configuration is by far the most popular across the country. It is also among the easiest to work with when installing a hand well pump.
The blue cap you see here is an example of what is commonly referred to as a “turtle” because of its unique shape. This well cap type has a bump-out which covers a conduit through which the electrical wires for the submersible pump parts travel from the source.
Turtles are made from plastic, zinc, aluminum and cast iron. Some have side-bolts which clamp the turtle to the well casing, and some screw from the top, into a ring with threaded holes.
The water pipe comes up from the submersible pump and exits through the side-wall of the well casing, underground below the frost line.
The pipe exits the casing, through a structural (and removable) elbow called a pitless adaptor, which carries the weight of the pump, the pipe, and the water in the pipe.
Well pump pitless adapters vary in size, however there is usually room for a backup hand well pump system to fit in casings which are 4 inches and larger.
If FloJak is being installed temporarily using the hanging bracket and well-bonnet, then the turtle is removed to open the well casing. Installation of submersible pump parts is easy and straightforward.
For permanent installations, our hand well pumps all have options for sealing the well casing.
If a FloJak hand well pump is being installed permanently, then a common well-seal may be used. A well seal is an expandable plug which fits tightly into the top of the well casing while gripping FloJak securely.
Well seals are available with multiple holes to accommodate FloJak (1.25” schedule 40) and the wires coming up through the conduit. When using a well seal like the one shown here, the electrical wires loop over and go down through one of the available holes, and are often covered by protective flex conduit.
Well seals are available in 4”, 5”, 6” and 8” diameters which fit the ID of the casing. They are available as solid seals or split seals for easy assembly.